Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is a psychotherapeutic focus specifically designed by Mr Linehan to treat Borderline Personality Disorder.
DBT is especially focused on controlling self-harming behaviours, and its clinical effectiveness has been proven in terms of reducing symptoms, especially those related to impulsiveness, such as suicidal and self-harming behaviours.
This focus establishes improving tolerance to malaise, regulating emotions, and more effective interaction with others as fundamental goals. To this end, basically Psychoeducation and Skill-Learning are used, using cognitive and behavioural (problem-solving, presentation techniques) and dialectical techniques.
Although different adaptations to the original model have been made over the past few years, the standard version consists of a weekly group session, an individual psychotherapy session, and the possibility of telephone contact in determined situations.